Yangon! The main entrepot and the hub of economic activity, formally the capital of Myanmar. Yangon was founded by King Alaungpaya on the site of a small settlement called Dagon when he conquered Lower Myanmar in 1755. One of the best places to experience the perfect collection of famous pagoda, culture and the amalgamation of Chinese, Indian, Colonial style buildings. The city is influenced with local market and vendors which reflect the real smile and honest heart of Myanmar People while nature lovers will most appreciate the shady parks, tree-lined avenues, the verdant tropical trees and the Inya Lake. Yangon makes itself a must see and visit place by means of various attractions that's the reason why it can be considered the Asian heart.
Attractive Destinations around Yangon
Bago formally known as Pegu was once the glittering ancient capital of lower Myanmar, which was ruled by the Mon dynasty from the 14th through the 16th century. Apparently the Mon people were the first to settle at this site. Bago is one of the richest archaeological sites in Myanmar. It was also the seaport of ancient Mon kings. Then it became the Second Myanmar Empire founded by King Bayintnaung. Places of interest in Bago include Shwe-tha-lyaung Reclining Buddha Image, Shwemawdaw Pagoda, Kyaik Pun Buddha Images, Kanbawza Thadi Palace and Bago Market. It is just only 80 km (50 miles) north of Yangon and takes one hour drive to get there. Bago is accessible easily from Yangon, Mandalay, Pyay and other cities.
The Golden Rock so called Kyaikhtiyoe is a sacred, massive gold–leafed boulder delicately balanced on the edge of a cliff and is topped by a small stupa at the top of Mount Kyaik-hti-yoe. It was built in the year 574 BC more than 2500 years ago and now well know as Miracle Golden Rock and which starting at pilgrim-village. An endless stream of pilgrims comes to admire the sight and add squares of gold leaf to its surface. The Golden Rock is a truly extraordinary natural feature. It is little wonder it is regarded with such sacred awe. According to legend, it is kept in place by a single hair of the Buddha. The views from the Golden Rock are spectacular and many visitors stay to watch the sunset.
Pyay formerly known as Prome was established 161 km north of Yangon and on the eastern bank of the Irrawaddy River on a lovely location, traveling along a well-maintained highway by car. You can see green paddy fields along the side of the highway. It is an important commercial center for trade between the Ayeyarwady Delta, Central and Upper Myanmar and the Rakhine (Arakan) State. Pyay was also known as Thaye-khittra, the ancient Pyu capital, is interesting place to visit because of their historical importance and archaeological sites such as Shwesandaw Pagoda Bawbawgyi & Bebe Paya, Shwemyethman Paya, Akauktaung Mountain, and the ruins palace of Pyu dynasty and Mawza museum.
Taungoo is located about 275 km from Yangon. The old road to Taungoo took about 6-7 hr. The new road makes it only 3-4 hr. Although some see it as little more than stopping-off point for those traveling between Yangon and Mandalay, Taungoo has a number of activities to keep visitors entertained for at least a few days. The densely forested area of Taungoo is rich in history and natural resources. Taungoo has many religious monuments of note but most guests are drawn to Thargaya, one of Myanmar’s logging camps where massive elephants are used to haul felled trees. Taungoo is famous for its cheroots and betel nut as well, which are sourced in the hills to the west and east.
Thanlyin & Kyauk Tan
About one-hour drive from Yangon, across Myanmar's longest bridge, is the town of Thanlyin. From the 14th to the 18th centuries it was an important port and trading centre. You can see the ruins of an 18th century Portuguese church, the Kyeik-khauk Pagoda and Ye Le Paya located on an island in the middle of the river which contains pictures of other famous pagodas in other parts of the country are worth visiting. You can also see local ceramic production at Bogyoke Village.
The easiest way to get a taste of small-town and village life in the Ayeyarwady delta is to take a five-minute ferry ride from the Pansodan Street jetty on Strand Road, straight across the river to Dala Township. Trishaw drivers wait on the other side and offer half-day tours, usually including rural villages and monasteries.
Famous for its pottery and cotton-weaving industries, Twante is best reached by a two-hour, 24km boat ride along the Twante Canal. The boat trip provides a glimpse into life along the canal. It can also be reached by taking the ferry across the Yangon River, and then a 40 min bumpy taxi ride to the town. For lunch, there is excellent food at the local restaurant. The Shwe Santaw Paya is also located in Twante not far from town. This is a good full-day tour visit.